Monday, December 27, 2010
CHOCTAW CHICKASAW SOUTH CAROLINA NORTH CAROLINA TENN & GA.
POST COLUMBIAN ERA
CHOCTAW and CHICKASAW IN SOUTH CAROLINA, NORTH CAROLINA, TENNESSEE AND GEORGIA.
The Choctaw and Chickasaw ancestors was historically a very sugificant part of the Mississippian culture in the Mississippi river valley.
The Choctaw ancestors were preceded by other moundbuilding cultures, of which people of one of the earliest built Nanih Waiya. Scholars believe the mound was contemporary with such earthworks as Igomar Mound in Mississippi and Pinson Mounds in Tennessee.
The Mississippian culture was a Native American culture that flourished in what is now the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from 800 to 1500 C.E. When the Spanish made their first forays inland in the 16th century from the shores of the Gulf of Mexico, they encountered some chiefdoms of the Mississippians, but others were already in decline, or had disappeared. The Mississippian culture is what the earliest Spanish explorers encountered, beginning on April 2, 1513, with Juan Ponce de León's Florida landing and the 1526 Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón expedition in South Carolina and Georgia region.
Res; Morison, Samuel (1974). The European Discovery of America, The Southern Voyages. Oxford University Press. p. 507. ISBN 0195042220. ^ Weber, David (1992). The Spanish Frontier in North America. Yale University Press. pp. 36–37. ASIN B000OROPBY.
The Pinson Mounds comprise a prehistoric Native American complex located in Madison County, Tennessee. The complex, which includes 17 mounds, an earthen geometric enclosure, and numerous habitation areas, was most likely built during the Middle Woodland period (c. 1-500 A.D.). The complex is the largest group of Middle Woodland mounds in the United States. Sauls' Mound, at 72 feet, is the second-highest surviving mound in the United States.
The Pinson Mounds are now part of Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park, one of two archaeological parks in Tennessee (the other being Old Stone Fort near Manchester). Pinson Mounds is a National Historic Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Sauls Mound: Mound 14 Sector, several meters southwest of Sauls' Mound. The Mound 14 Sector was a late-Woodland/early-Mississippian habitation area.
Indian Tribes in early South Carolina
Researching Carroll County Mississippi and discovering a good portion of Carroll County descendants were born in South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia, excited my interest in Tribes relocating from eastern North America to the Southwest relocating in Ark, ALA, LA. and Mississippi and later under the 1830 Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek many Choctaw removed to the Indian Territories.
Long term studies researching the Choctaw in South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia and keeping within honor and respect within written context of the Mississippi Choctaw legends that the birth or beginning of the Choctaws; Claiming that the Choctaw came out of nearby caves located a short distance from their mother mound [Nanih Waiya] and then dried themselves on the eastern side of their mother mound and within long term Choctaw studies researching the Mississippi Choctaw history,, within the recorded Chickasaw and Choctaw historical Treaties showing the aggregate of Choctaw and Chickasaw Treaty Cession footprint pattern ceding most of Mississippi,, we find no solid reason to dispute or interrupt these sacred Mississippi Choctaw legends.
The following is a list of tribes in early South Carolina. The data is from "The Indian Tribes of North America" by John R. Swanton, published in 1920.
Ahoys Seminole Tribe of Florida
Ahoyabi Near the preceding.
Aluste Near Beaufort, possibly a form of Edisto.
Awendaw near Awendaw Creek; It may have been Sewee (q.v.)
Bohicket Near Rockville S.C.
Catawbe, They were also called the Ani'ta'gua by the Cherokee. Alternate spellings:
Catawba (cuh-TAW-buh)- also see Issa, Esaw. Possible meanings: River People Language family; Siouan; Also found living in South Carolina ad Georgia and In 1840 joined forces with the Cherokee.
Cherokee, South Carolina.
Chiaha. Another part of the tribe lived in Georgia.
Chickasaw, The Chickasaw territory proper was in Northern Mississippi, at a considerable distance from the State under discussion, but about 1753 a body of Chickasaw Indians settled in the South Carolina side of Savannah River, to be near the English Trading Posts and to keep in contact with the English who were their allies. Before 1776 most of them moved to the immediate neighborhood of Augusta and remained until the period of the American Revolution. In that war they sided against the colonist and their lands were confiscated in 1783. The Chickasaw and Choctaw language together form the Western branch of the Muskogean language family. (See Mississippi)
Congaree, A small tribe, supposed to be Siouan, formerly living in South Carolina. The grounds for including this tribe in the Siouan family are its location and its intimate relation with known Siouan tribes, especially the Catawba, with which it was ultimately incorporated; but according to Adair and Lawson the Congaree spoke a dialect different from that of the Catawba.
Cusabo, The Cusabo were a family of tribes along the South Carolina coast, including the Ashepoo, Combahee, Coosa, Edisto, Escamacu, Etiwan, Kiawah, Stono, Wando, and Wimbee. The aggressive Yuchi tribe, known to the Cusabo tribes as the Westo, moved to the banks of the Savannah and raided neighboring villages in 1661. In 1670, the Cusabo tribes were victims of devastating raids by the Yuchi. That same year a permanent English colony, Charles Towne, was established on Cusabo land. Cusabo tribes established close ties with the English.
Cambe, Part of this tribe lived in South Carolina at times. (See Georgia.) ... Cambe, near Beaufort. Chatuache, 6-10 leagues north of Beaufort. S.C.
Chatuache, Cotachicach - (Chatuache, Satuache, near Ashepoo mouth).
Iswa or Issa; said to have united with the Catawba.
Keyauwee, Keyauwee. A small tribe formerly living in North Carolina, affiliated with the Tutelo, Saponi and OccaneechI. Nothing retrains of their language, but they perhaps belonged to the Siouan family, from the fact of their intimate association with well known Siouan tribes of the east
Mayon, Native Americans of South Carolina. ... Mayon, probably on Broad River.
Talapo, Probably near Beaufort. .... This tribe moved into the northern part of the State after 1716 and perhaps united ultimately with the Catawba.
Natchez, A band of Indians of this Tribe lived for several years at a place called Four Holes Springs in South Carolina but left in 1744 fearing the vengeance of the Catawba because seven of the Tribe whom they had killed. Natchez language is a Muskhogean dialect living hear the site of the Natchez Mississippi. The Muskhogean dialect Choctaw language is a universal language of Mississippi Choctaw. The Muskogean language of the Chickasaw and Choctaw together form the Western branch of the Muskogean language family. (See Mississippi)
Pedee, MCdc pee dee Indian tribe, Marlboro, Chesterfield, Darlington County Pee Dee Indian Tribe Male 103 years old. MC COLL, South Carolina United States.
Saluda, Saluda. A small tribe formerly living on Saluda river, South Carolina. According to Rivers (Hist S. C., 38, 1856) they removed to Pennsylvania.
Santee, The Santee were first encountered by the Spaniards during the seventeenth century, and in the narrative of his second expedition Captain Eçija places them on Santee River. In 1700 they were visited by John Lawson, who found their plantations extending for many miles along the river, and learned that they were at war with the coast people (Lawson, 1860).
Sewee, Significance perhaps, as Gatchet suggested, from Sawe, “Island” Regarded as Siouan on strong circumstance grounds, in spite of the fact they are sometimes classed as
Cusabo, Meaning perhaps "Coosawhatchie River (people)."
Talapo, Talapo, probably near Beaufort. Touppa, probably on Broad River
Touppa, part of this tribe lived in South Carolina at times. ... Touppa, probably on Broad River. Yanahume, probably on the south side of Broad River.
Yanahume, on the South side of Broad River.
This Choctaw Chickasaw Historical Long Term Study;
CHIEF PERGSON LEGAL REPRESENTATIVE SU-QUAH-NATCH-AH BAND CHOCTAW NATION CARROLL COUNTY MISSISSIPPI.